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Canna-Science: What is Cannabis Terpenes?



Terpenes, aka terps or terpenoids, are the chemical compounds that give the Cannabis plant at distinctive Aroma and flavor that pops up every time it’s lit. Cannabis companies are spiking beverages, foods, topicals, vape oils and tinctures containing terpenes, and other essential cannabinoids such as CBD and THC. Products with labels claiming that it contains a full spectrum or whole plant extract mean that you will find many highly beneficial terpenes in there.

Over a hundred different types of terpenes are identified in the Cannabis plant, and each strain has a different terpenes profile.
Some terpenes have proven to promote relaxation and stress relief, while others may help you focus and understanding.

Why Cannabis Produces Terpenes?

Producing various types of terpenes protects plants from predators and invite pollinators. Each strain or species of the Cannabis plant has its own terpenes profile, giving it a different aroma and taste. Cannabis testing has shown that Cannabis grown indoors and outdoors will have a different terpene profile, growing medium, temperature, and dark/light duration may also cause effect.

Common Cannabis Terpenes and Their Effect


Caryophyllene, an incredible terpene. Is also found in cloves and black Pepper. Its spicy and woody flavor offers excellent anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and neuroprotective properties. Interestingly, also interacting with the endocannabinoid system to produce anti-inflammatory effects. You can find enough Caryophyllene in strains such as purple glue.


Myrcene, one of the most common terpenes found in the Cannabis plant, is responsible for the spicy, peppery smell in beer, also in lemongrass. It is usually dominant in the flower of Cannabis, and the most popular Cannabis strains that are rich in Myrcene are blue dream, granddaddy purple, and harlequin.


Limonene, as zesty as it sounds provides lasting relief from stress and anxiety. It is found in juniper, lemon, and orange grind. Antibacterial and antifungal properties of limonene protect our body against harmful fungi and bacteria. You can taste the citrus flavor in white fire OG and wedding cake strains.


Found in tea tree, cumin, and nutmeg. Terpinolene has a slightly uplifting effect, its antioxidant properties can help the body function properly. The characteristic flavor of several cannabis strains is defined by terpinolene, with it’s fresh and piney scent you can find it in many soaps, cosmetics and perfumery.

To Wrap It Up

Cannabis terpenes play a significant role in producing the enticing effect in combination with the cannabinoids. It’s about time cannabis companies start to launch exclusive products containing these beneficial terpenes it can make our lives more comfortable.